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2-7 ... outline_imperial_Rome - Copy

2-7 ... outline_imperial_Rome - Copy - The Handbook ii...

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Imperial Rome and its Decline I. Chaos (fall of republic) → order (Empire) → chaos (decline of Empire) II. Octavian, Antony, Cleopatra a. Conspirators misjudge aftermath of assassination, Brutus b. Proscription lists (again), civil war (again) → Octavian and Antony divide empire c. Octavian vs. Antony: civil war (yet again)→ Actium (31 BC) d. Princeps , Praetorian guard e. Pax Romana i. “Augustus” III. Rule by emperors a. imperator b. Tiberius, Nero c. “Five good emperors” (96-180 AD) include Trajan (98-117), Hadrian (117-138), and Marcus Aurelius (161-180); Height of Roman expansion d. “Romanization” i. Bathhouses, coliseums, theaters, forums, aqueducts, and roads. IV. Literature and philosophy in early Empire a. Virgil (70-19 BC), Aeneid b. Stoicism, universal order & natural harmony i. Epictetus: Slave, freedom, exile,
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Unformatted text preview: The Handbook ii. Marcus Aurelius, Meditations V. Return of military politics a. Succession problems, generals → emperors VI. Long decline begins: why? a. Political change? Military? Economic? Cultural? VII. External pressures, strains on army a. Sasanid empire b. Northern, Eastern European tribes: Goths and Vandals c. Diocletion (284-305) i. Divides empire, revamps military d. Constantine (324-337) i. Constantinople, Christianity e. Adrianople (378), Rome sacked and burned (410 and 476) VIII. Economic changes a. Depopulation of cities → latifundia IX. Cultural changes: otherworldliness a. Cult of Bacchus i. “Mystery religions”: Mithraism, based on Zoroastrianism, Mithras, rituals ii. Neo-platonism, Plotinus (205-270 AD)...
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