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Unformatted text preview: The Handbook ii. Marcus Aurelius, Meditations V. Return of military politics a. Succession problems, generals → emperors VI. Long decline begins: why? a. Political change? Military? Economic? Cultural? VII. External pressures, strains on army a. Sasanid empire b. Northern, Eastern European tribes: Goths and Vandals c. Diocletion (284-305) i. Divides empire, revamps military d. Constantine (324-337) i. Constantinople, Christianity e. Adrianople (378), Rome sacked and burned (410 and 476) VIII. Economic changes a. Depopulation of cities → latifundia IX. Cultural changes: otherworldliness a. Cult of Bacchus i. “Mystery religions”: Mithraism, based on Zoroastrianism, Mithras, rituals ii. Neo-platonism, Plotinus (205-270 AD)...
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