Eugenics' Troubling Logic

Eugenics' Troubling Logic - ATROUBLINGLOGIC OFEXCLUSION...

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A TROUBLING LOGIC  OF EXCLUSION SOME LIVES ARE  WORTH MORE THAN  OTHERS
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Eugenics Movement Eugenics Movement New Scientific Paradigm -- Survival of the Fittest Malthus -- 1798 Darwin -- 1830s through 1870s Spencer -- 1880s Galton -- 1860s through 1900s Population Can Degenerate or Improve This Improvement or Degeneration Can be Influenced It is Our Duty to Maximize Improvement and Minimize  Degeneration
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Eugenics: Core Principles Collective Good is Paramount Traits are Inherited Some lives are more worthy of support and protection than  others Policies Positive Eugenics Negative Eugenics
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Eugenics: Some People are Parasites Eugenics Movement Establishes Foothold in U.S. -- Cold Spring Harbor Economic Depression Meant Strained Resources Differential Birth Rates Were Documented Social Policies Worked Against Survival of the Fittest and Produced Degeneration of Society
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Loosely Connected National Network of Organizations Eugenics Record Office - Cold Spring Harbor, NY American Breeders Association - Missouri Race Betterment Foundation - Michigan Human Betterment Foundation - California
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Guided by a Relatively Small Number of Loosely Connected Leaders Charles Davenport Harry Laughlin David Starr Jordan Oscar McCulloch Henry Goddard Madison Grant
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Family Pedigree Studies Jukes Kallikaks Tribe is Ishmael -- Read Intelligence Tests Simon Benet Stanford Benet
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Inherited “Defective” Traits to Look for Feeble Minded Morons Imbeciles Idiots Epileptics Criminals Rapists Pauperism
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Policy Committee Established at Cold Spring Harbor Committee to “Study and to Report on the Best Practical Means of Cutting Off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the American Population” Chaired by Harry Laughlin Purpose: Explore questions related to “human  improvement by a better selection of marriage mates and  the control of the reproduction of the defective classes.” Report issued February, 1914. 
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Major Question : “We have wonderful new races of horses, cows,  and pigs.  Why should we not have a new and  improved race of men…a Race of Human  Thoroughbreds.” Quote from John Kellogg: First National Conference on Race Betterment -- 1913.
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Step by Step: “Negative” Eugenics Takes Hold in U.S. Committee Assumptions
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2011 for the course UGS 303 taught by Professor Foster during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Eugenics' Troubling Logic - ATROUBLINGLOGIC OFEXCLUSION...

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