Emotions&SelfControl

Emotions&SelfControl - Emotions We arrive at the...

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Emotions We arrive at the truth, not by the reason only, but also by the heart. -- Blaise Pascal The Human Brain Limbic System: Amygdala Animal Emotions The limbic system is often thought of as a primitive part of the brain as it is present in lower mammals and parts are even found in reptiles. Animals need emotions to survive—they need fear as a trigger to escape predators and aggression to defend their territory, young, and food. Darwin thought emotions were merely “leftovers”. However, we rely on our emotions to make quick, often complex, decisions. What do we know about emotions? Emotions more than just feelings: physiological arousal, behavioral actions, feelings, thoughts, Emotions are fast Many times automatically executed Mostly triggered by the environment Moderated at least partially by cognitive processes Transitory - change over time, less stable
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Emotions vs. cognition Cognition vs. emotions How much are we influenced by these two systems? Affect has the capacity to turn us into virtually different people Imagine you are in an emotional state. .. Hungry, angry, thirsty Can you really imagine this? How would you change if you were in this state? Two main questions 1) How do people change their decisions under different emotional states? 2) Can they (we) predict this change? Simple systems: men Hunger Thirst Anger Curiosity Arousal -- seems more fun to study DM under emotional states
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Preferences for different activities Willingness to take risks Willingness to engage in undesirable behaviors What kind of DM? Subjects got a laptop, took it home and used it to answer questions Two conditions Cold -- not aroused Hot -- aroused Only males we are currently also testing females The procedure The “hot” condition Preferences . .. Are women’s shoes erotic? Can you imagine having sex with a man? Could you enjoy sex with someone you hated? If a woman proposed a threesome with a man, would you do it? Is a woman sexy when she’s sweating? Would it be fun to get tied up? Can you imagine getting sexually excited by contact with an animal? Do you prefer to have sex with the light on? Is “just kissing” fun? Sample questions on preferences In a cold state, our participants predicted they would not* enjoy these activities In a hot state our participants predicted they would enjoy these activities Results: preferences
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Risk . .. If you pull out before you ejaculate, can a
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2011 for the course ECON 196 taught by Professor Darity,w during the Spring '08 term at Duke.

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Emotions&SelfControl - Emotions We arrive at the...

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