Government Final Review.pptx - May 5th from 7:45am 11:59pm...

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Governmen t Final Review May 5 th from 7:45am - 11:59pm Hour Long Exam with 40 Questions
Unit 1
Key Terms Government : institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled Politics : conflict over leadership, structures and policies of government Separation of Powers : the legislative, executive, and judicial powers are separated into 3 separate branches Checks & Balances : each branch checks up on each other and have a certain set of rules as to what they can check Federalism : system of government divides power between central government and regional government Political Knowledge : knowing about formal institutions of government, political actors and issues
Different Forms of Government Who? Type Example One person Autocracy North Korea Small group Oligarchy Russia Many people Democracy US Limits on gov’t Type Example Codified, legal substantive and procedural limits on what gov’t can or can’t do Constitutional US Few legal limits; by social groups Authoritarian Russia No limits Totalitarian North Korea written down
Main Principles of the Constitution Great Compromise : House of representatives: based on pop; elected by citizens Senate: equal by states Sole executive (President) and electoral college Supreme court final say Only 9 out of 13 states had to agree to make Amendments Nat’l gov’t is Supreme Principles : Popular sovereignty Limited government Separation of powers Checks and balances Federalism Judicial review
How Powers are Divided within Fed & State Federal Implied : enable congress to make laws that are “necessary and proper” to execute expressed powers of Congress Expressed : specific powers in Constitution granted to Congress Supremacy Clause : fed is supreme to state law State Police Powers : reserved to state gov’t it regulates health, safety and morals of its citizens Concurrent Powers : authority possessed by both state and nat’l gov’t
Drawbacks and Benefits of Federalism Drawbacks Increase complexity and confusion Increase conflict (cultural and political differences) Duplicate efforts and reduction of accountability Benefits Many points of access at hand Encourages policy experiments and creativity Reduce conflict because difference states can accommodate different citizen’s interests
Core Values in American Politics 1. Liberty : freedom to do what we want 2. Equality : political and equality of opportunity 3. Democracy Political Culture : broadly shared values, beliefs and attitudes about how gov’t should function Political Trust : confidence in gov’t Political efficacy : trust increases In 2015, 19% trusted gov’t
Unit 2
Key Terms Jurisdiction : sphere of courts power and authority Original : authority to initially consider a case Appellate Jurisdiction : power of court to hear cases appealed from lower court Judicial Review : courts review laws, executive actions and rules, can declare unconstitutional Appeal : legal proceeding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court

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