CHAPTER 1 -...

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Psychology- Scientific study of behavior and metal processes Psychologist rely on scientific method rather than common sense Theory: a general set of principles that explains how separate facts are related investigator to verify research findings Goals  Description-   Identifying and classifying behaviors and mental processes Explanation-  Proposing reasons for behavior and mental processes Prediction- Offering hypothesis about how a condition or set of conditions will affect behaviors and mental  processes Influence-  Using research results to solve practical problems Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) father of psychology  used introspection to analyze basic elements of conscious mental experience Edward Bradford Titchener (1867-1927) student of Wundt established a psychological laboratory in USA Structuralism (FLOW) Wundt and Titcheners school of thought aimed at analyzing the basic elements of the structure of conscious mental experience Functionalism Focused on how humans and animals use mental processes in adapting to their environments Broadened the scope of psychology to include behavior as well as mental processes William James (1842-1910) Functinalism most famous proponent Belived that the “Stream Of Conciousness” functions to help humans adapt to their  environment.
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Schools of Thought Behaviorism-  John B. Watson disagreed with structuralism and Functionalism. He proposed a radically new approach to psychology, Behaviorism.  Redefined psychology as “the study of behavior” because behavior is observable and  measurable and therefore objective and scientific. Behaviorism also emphasizes that  behavior is determined primarily by factors in the environment.  B.F. Skinner agreed with Watson that concepts such as the mind, consciousness, and feelings 
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CHAPTER 1 -...

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