Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Define Abnormal BehaviorIs the...

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Chapter 12
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Define Abnormal Behavior- Is the behavior considered strange within the persons own culture? Some women don’t wear shirts in their cultures, others do. Depends on culture. Does the behavior cause personal distress? People can be distressed and terrorized by hallucinations or delusions. As well as depression. Is the behavior maladaptive? Is it good or bad? Washing hands before you eat is good, but washing them 100 times a day, is bad. Is the person a danger to self or others? Is the person legally responsible for his or her acts? Diverse Perspectives for Diagnosis of a Disorder DSM-IV-TR--The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th edition, Text Revision; a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association, which describes the criteria used to classify and diagnose mental disorders. Describes about 300 specific psychological disorders and lists criteria that must be met in order to make a particular diagnosis. Further the manual organizes these disorders to categories. The manual is issued by researchers, therapists, mental health workers, and most insurance companies. This common language enables professionals to speak the same language when diagnosing, treating, researching, and conversing about a variety of psychological disorders. Provides a multidimensional diagnosing system. Theoretical approaches that attempt to explain causes of psychological disorders. Biological Perspectives- abnormal behavior results from external biological factors. Doctors instead of counselors. Psychodynamic Perspective-combo of psycho, bio, and environment. Learning Perspective- thoughts and learned behavior classical and observed learning. Psychodynamic- childhood trauma leads to trouble in adulthood. Cognitive Perspective-thinking bad thoughts or negative thinking (if you think you’re going to fail, you will) Anxiety types Anxiety disorders—frequent fearful thoughts about what might happen in the future.
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Most common category of psych disorders (4 million people per year) Panic attacks—Characteristics of panic attacks are overwhelming of fear and terror brain goes into fight or flight mode. That lasts forever. Person doesn’t know how to cope. Body shakes, heart pounds d person has a choking sensation. Agoraphobia—an intense fear of being in a situation from which escape is not possible or in which help would not be available if one experienced overwhelming anxiety or a panic attack. Common anxiety disorders— Generalized Anxiety disorder—people who are plagued by chronic, excessive worry for 6 months or more. These people worry themselves sick. Literally. Panic disorder—people who suffer from recurring attacks. Can lead to agoraphobia.
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Define Abnormal BehaviorIs the...

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