CHAPTER 14 - Chapter 14 Social Perception Social perception...

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Chapter 14 Social Perception Social perception Social perception is the subfield that attempts to explain how the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others influences the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of individuals What are first impressions so important? The primary effect An overall impression of another person is influenced more by the first information received about that person than by information that comes later Once formed, an impression acts as a framework through which later information is interpreted What is the difference between a situational attribution and a dispositional attribution? An assignment of a cause to explain one’s own or another’s behavior When we explain our own failures, we tend to make situational attributions Attributing behavior to an external cause or factor related to a situation When we explain other people’s failures, we are more likely to make dispositional attributions Attributing behavior to an internal cause, such as a personality trait People generally attribute their successes to dispositional causes and their failures to situational causes This is referred to as the self-serving bias
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Attraction Think about your friends. What makes you like, or even fall in love with, one person and ignore or react negatively to someone else? What factors contribute to attraction? Proximity We tend to like and feel attracted to people who are frequently in our local environment The mere-exposure effect The tendency to feel more positively toward a stimulus as a result of repeated exposure to it Reciprocity We tend to like people who like us People of all ages have a strong tendency to prefer physically attractive people People who are physically attractive are also perceived as having other favorable qualities This is known as the halo effect How do psychologists explain romantic attraction and mating? The matching hypothesis proposes that people choose mates who are similar to
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CHAPTER 14 - Chapter 14 Social Perception Social perception...

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