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Unformatted text preview: Refer to the trunk (neck to belly) (6, 7) Refer only to limbs (10, 11) EXAMPLES: What covers the spleen? Visceral Peritoneal What Covers the Heart? Visceral Pericardium Pericardium- Singular Pericardia- Pleural Pleural- Singular Pleura- Pleural based upon LS LAYERS: cell layer than one cell layer; only one layer is attached to basement membrane- appears to have more than one cell layer, but is only one olded (bladder), stomach have finger like projections- microvilli or if they are a little larger- villi , have short hair like projections- cilia e based upon at s ically square, most often ion glands of skin or small glands l and thin often found lining the inside of tracts- respiratory, ect e Associated with each hair follicle- Arector Pili Aug 23, 2010 Anatomy- study and investigation of the body and its structures. Broken down into 5 categories 1. Developmental- study of the structural changes that occur in conception and adulthood 2. Gross anatomy- study of structures seen with the naked eye 3. Systematic anatomy- study of body system by system. 11 systems in the body 4. Regional anatomy- body studied area by area 5. Surface anatomy- study of the external form and its relation to deeper structures CELL smallest living unit in body TISSUE group of cells that perform a similar job or function ORGAN group of tissues that perform a similar job or function ORGAN SYSTEM group of organs that perform a similar job or function ORGANISM any living thing considered as a whole Aug 25, 2010 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE 1. Organism 2. Metabolism- sum of all the chemical reactions that take place in the body 3. Responsiveness- change in the environment 4. Growth 5. Development 6. Reproduction Homeostasis- the maintenance of a relatively stable environment Two types of feedback mechanisms: Negative- always good Positive always bad; except for 1 instance NEGATIVE FEEDBACK Any deviation from set point is resisted or made smaller o Ex. Blood pressure increases Receptors in the blood vessel walls detect the BP increase Control center in the brain that regulate the heart rate responds heart rate decreases BP decreases BP homeostasis maintained POSITIVE FEEDBACK When a deviation from normal occurs the response is to make the deviation even greater o Ex. Femoral artery is cut in your leg and your bleeding o GOOD- child birth AMATOMIC TERMS 1. Anatomic Position- person standing erect, face forward, arms at the side, palms facing forward 2. Prone- laying face downward (on belly) 3. Supine- laying face upward (on back) 4. Right 5. Left Up- superior, cephalic (toward the head) 6. Down- inferior, caudal (toward the tail) 7. Front- anterior, ventral Back- posterior, dorsal 8. Proximal- nearest 9. Distal- Distant 10. Medial- towards the midline 11. Lateral- away from midline 12. Superficial- near the surface 13. Deep- toward the body BODY PARTS AND REGIONS: Upper Limb Arm- shoulder to elbow Forearm- elbow to wrist Wrist and hand...
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- Spring '08