Psych review 2 - SPCF J,D,S,F,A,S Lea rning Associative...

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SPCF J,D,S,F,A,S Learning Associative learning - When any two stimuli become connected during memory, learning about external environment. Broad Conditioning - Specific to behaviors, learning certain behaviors, some external becomes connected with a behavior response. Classical conditioning - Ivan Pavlov, A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response. Unconditioned response (UR) - A response that is natural and does not have to be learned, Such as a reflex (drooling) Unconditioned stimulus (US) -A stimulus that naturally elicits a response without any prior learning (stimulates the response) (the food) Conditioned response (CR) - A response that has been learned Conditioned stimulus (CS) - A stimulus that elicits a response only after learning has taken place Acquisition- Occurs during conditioning, the gradual formation of an association between the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli Extinction- The conditioned stimulus no longer elicits the conditioned response. Occurs when the conditioned stimulus is repeated without the unconditioned stimulus Spontaneous recovery - The conditioned response reappears after rest and no further conditioning, the emergence of a conditioned response that was extinct comes back
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SPCF J,D,S,F,A,S Stimulus generalization - A stimulus that is similar but not identical to a conditioned stimulus produces the conditioned response Stimulus discrimination - A learned tendency to discriminate between certain stimuli. Learning to tell the difference two similar stimuli when only one of them is consistently associated with the unconditioned stimulus. Applications of classical conditioning Preferences , Advertising uses it (Famous people are associated with this shoe, so you want to be to) Phobias - an acquired fear that is out of proportion to the real threat of an object or a situation Little Albert - Afraid of white rats, make loud noise when white rat was close to him, Cause him to cry and be afraid of the rat, Albert never was fixed Counterconditioning (systematic desensitization) - Using conditioning to undo a previous conditioned response. The condition stimulus is paired with a positive unconditioned stimulus. Drugs & other addictions - very addictive, environmental stimuli effect addictions as well Taste & medical treatments - aversion to stomach related illness causing foods Qualifications of classical conditioning Evolutionary significance: Biological preparedness - Biologically prepared to developed certain conditioned sensations to certain stimuli. Time and placement of association: Rescorla-Wagner model - a cognitive model of classical conditioning; it states that the strength of the CS-US association is determined by the extent to which the unconditioned stimulus is unexpected
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SPCF J,D,S,F,A,S Blocking effect Occasion Setter Operant conditioning - Not reflexive, learning a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened,
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course BUSINESS 100 taught by Professor Betker during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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Psych review 2 - SPCF J,D,S,F,A,S Lea rning Associative...

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