1-28 - Soc January 28, 2010 I. Macro Theoretical...

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Soc – January 28, 2010 I. Macro Theoretical Perspectives (behavior that occurs in a large setting) a. Structural Functionalism – Robert K. Merton i. Basic Propositions 1. Societies are comprised of a number of interrelated structures or parts, each of which contributes to the smooth functioning of a society as a whole a. Basically arguing, that if something exists in society for a long time, it probably has some sort of function. Similar to how a biologist looks at the human body. b. Ex: family and education, politics and religion 2. Some functions are what we call manifest and others are latent . a. Manifest functions are intended functions. i. Ex: the manifest function of automobiles was to provide transportation b. Latent functions are unintended consequences. i. Ex: some of the latent functions of automobiles were: promotion of trade, increase in pollution, cause of more accidents and deaths, allowance of use of nonrenewable sources, an increase in traveling, a spread of suburbs, a change in dating patterns, changed patterns of sexual activity ii. Negative latent functions are called dysfunctions
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1-28 - Soc January 28, 2010 I. Macro Theoretical...

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