The whole place had rather adesolate aspect, for there were no gardens to show the signs ofcare and cultivation. I confess, however, myimagination had painted something more grand, more terrific, in thefull-grown storm. I think there can be littledoubt, first, that the external crust cooled rapidly in the statein which we now see it; secondly, that the still fluid lava withinwas packed by the centrifugal force generated by the revolving ofthe bomb, against the external cooled crust, and so produced thesolid shell of stone; and lastly, that the centrifugal force, byrelieving the pressure in the more central parts of the bomb,allowed the heated vapours to expand their cells, thus forming thecoarse cellular mass of the centre. Keeling Island--Singular appearance--Scanty Flora-- Transport of seeds--Birds and insects--Ebbing and flowing springs--Fields of dead coral--Stones transported in the roots of trees--Great crab--Stinging corals--Coral-eating fish--Coral formations--Lagoon islands or atolls--Depth at which reef-building corals can live--Vast areas interspersed with low coral islands--Subsidence of their foundations-- Barrier-reefs--Fringing-reefs-- Conversion of fringing-reefs into barrier-reefs, and into atolls--Evidence of changes in level--Breaches in barrier-reefs--Maldiva atolls, their peculiar structure--Dead and submerged reefs--Areas of subsidence and elevation--Distribution of volcanoes-- Subsidence slow and vast in amount. It contains about thirty or forty Indian families,who are scattered along four or five miles of the shore. I was crossing aferry with a negro who was uncommonly stupid. Williams, in his interesting work, says that thefirst intercourse between natives and Europeans "is invariablyattended with the introduction of fever, dysentery, or some otherdisease which carries off numbers of the people. This is a most interesting and important discovery. Unless you have removed all references to Project Gutenberg:1. The largest bush in the island (belonging to the family ofCompositae) is scarcely so tall as our gorse. Thegenus, or rather family of Epeira, is here characterized by
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- Spring '18
- Centrifugal Force