Discuss the role of economic developments in shaping American history from
the early settlements to the Constitution:
Most of the people who moved to the new world, by the 17th century, were essentially
English but there were also Dutch, Swedes, German, French, Africans, Spaniards,
..In 1690 the American population was estimated to be a quarter of a
million, it reached 2.5 million in 1775. To follow this demographic expansion, Colonies
developed by created towns which played the role of big commerce centers such as
Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. Even towns have developed to comply with the needs of
their inhabitants. Therefore, shops, markets, town halls were created, in deed Lots of
docs have been built to ensure linking between the colons and the mother nation
England.The most important factor that helped the development of the colonies is that
although those colonies' citizens were from different origins ( English, Swedes, French,
Danes, Scots, Irish, German, Bohemians, Portuguese, Norwegians.
..) they forces their
efforts together lived in harmony under a unique government. Therefore, they developed
a sort of synergy that helped the economic development of the colonies. This synergy
was seen especially in the middle colonies ( Pennsylvania, Delaware.
..) which were
more cosmopolitan and tolerant then New England. The southern colonies were
predominantly rural ( Virginia, Maryland, North & South Carolina and Georgia) their
economy is based on the great planters and the yeoman farmers.
As the 18th cent. progressed, colonial grievances were exacerbated. The British
mercantile regulations, beneficial to agriculture, impeded the colonies' commercial and
industrial development. However, economic and social growth continued, and by the
mid-18th cent. there had been created a greater sense of a separate, thriving, and
distinctly American, albeit varied, civilization. In New England, Puritan values were
modified by the impact of commerce and by the influence of the Enlightenment, while in
the South the planter aristocracy developed a lavish mode of life. Enlightenment ideals
also gained influential adherents in the South. Higher education flourished in such
institutions as Harvard, William and Mary, and King's College (now Columbia Univ.).
The varied accomplishments of Benjamin
epitomized colonial common sense
at its most enlightened and productive level.
After the British and colonial forces had combined to drive the French from Canada and
the Great Lakes region in the French and Indian War (1754-60; see under
), the colonists felt less need of British protection; but at this very time the
British began colonial reorganization in an effort to impose on the colonists the costs of
their own defense. Thus was set off the complex chain of events that united colonial
sentiment against Great Britain and culminated in the
the events are described under that heading).
The Revolution resulted in the independence of the Thirteen Colonies: Massachusetts,