Research Paper - Jeffrey Nettles Laurie Pattillo ENC 1101...

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Jeffrey Nettles Laurie Pattillo ENC 1101 13Z 11/03/2007 Alternate Fuel Sources Humanity has used petroleum as the main source of energy since the late 1800’s. With all the advancement in today’s technology, we should have more efficient ways to power our lives that don’t impact the environment in such a negative way. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, “coal, oil and natural gas are fossil fuels that currently provide more than 85% of all the energy consumed in the United States, nearly two-thirds of our electricity, and virtually all of our transportation fuels.” Petroleum has been the most used source of fuel for many years in America. Most people are not aware of just how much pollution this puts into the air and how much it affects the ozone layer. Greenhouse gas emissions are produced in large mass which affects the health of agricultural life and animal life forms. Though things are being changed to try and reduce the harmful carbon monoxide emissions, there is still much damage being done. Over 60 percent of the petroleum used in the US is imported from other countries, and are limited sources. This leaves America vulnerable to increase in prices and taxes from the other countries. There are numerous alternative fuel sources that can be used in vehicles and stationary machines throughout the US (Dept. of Energy; EPA). Ethanol is an environmentally safe liquid form of fuel produced by grain products such as corn, grapes and even grass. The process of creating ethanol is a natural distillation process. It involves breaking the crops down to their basic sugars. Ethanol contains almost double the amount of energy it requires to produce it. The breaking down and energy process also allows this fuel source to be biodegradable unlike petroleum. This is an easily renewed form of energy that is domestically grown. Importation of gasoline would decrease dramatically if this form were to be used. Choosing to create ethanol as the main form of energy would create hundreds of thousands of jobs in the agricultural industry. Using ethanol would also reduce greenhouse gas emissions by over 15 percent. It is fact that most ethanol plants are located in the Midwestern region of the United States, but transportation is available in the way of trains, trucks, and even through waterways (Dept. of Energy). Another alternative fuel source, with many of the same attributes as ethanol, is biobutanol fuel. Biobutanol is a liquid alcohol fuel that can be produced through processing domestic crops, such as corn
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course ENC 1101 taught by Professor Lauriepattillo during the Fall '07 term at Brevard Community College.

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Research Paper - Jeffrey Nettles Laurie Pattillo ENC 1101...

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