HUM 2230 - Midterm - HUM 2230 23Z Midterm 1. Select one...

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HUM 2230 23Z – Midterm 1. Select one painting and one sculpture created by Michelangelo. Discuss the significance and the history behind the creations. Include a short 2-paragraph biography. The famous artist Michelangelo, born March 6, 1475 as Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (biography.com), was well known for his many accomplishments. A family record book was found where Michelangelo's father, Lodovico di Lionardi Buonarroti Simoni, wrote down details of his son's birth (Bull 7). He was extremely well versed when it came to art in general. Michelangelo was a very successful Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet. His first piece, which established his initial fame, was called Bacchus and aided in a commission to produce the masterpiece Pieta . In this piece he was able to demonstrate his unique talent by sculpting two distinct figures from one piece of marble. Michelangelo's David , is considered “the prime example of the Renaissance ideal of perfect humanity.” One of his biggest masterpieces was the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, which he reluctantly agreed to paint from 1508-1512. (biography.com) Pope Paul III commissioned Michelangelo to return to the Sistine Chapel and paint the Altar Wall, in 1535. It had only been 8 years since the “Sack of Rome,” which Michelangelo lived through. This could be a prime reason for the areas of darkness in this piece. This is a vast change from the piece painted on the ceiling, which is titled the creation of man. (rome.info) The Last Judgement was basically many different smaller paintings within a 48 x 44 foot masterpiece (rome.info). The central figures in this piece are Christ and his mother Mary (rome.info). They were the only ones clothed in the original finished fresco (rome.info). Christ appears to be deciding the destiny of the human race (italian-renaissance-art.com). Mary is turning away from her son so she does not have to look upon his judgement (rome.info). His arm gestures damning a large portion of humanity into hell (italian-renaissance-art.com). However, some are saved and rise up to heaven (italian-renaissance-art.com). Another significant area of the painting is the Angels and Saints. The Archangel Michael reads from the book of souls to be saved after the dead are awakened by angels trumpets. St Lawrence is holding a ladder just below the figure of Christ, symbolizing the saint's martyrdom on a grate over hot coals. The terrible fate of Bartholomew is symbolized by a depiction of St Bartholomew holding a sheet of his own skin in one hand and a knife in the other. It is said that the face on the skin is to be a self- portrait of the artist. St John the Baptist is seen gazing across at Christ while St Andrews is holding his cross. The figure of St Peter is holding a gold and silver key, which symbolizes the key to heaven, and is actually a portrait of Pope Paul III. (italian-renaissance-art.com) The other significant portion of this piece I the damned and the
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HUM 2230 taught by Professor Doll during the Spring '11 term at Brevard Community College.

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HUM 2230 - Midterm - HUM 2230 23Z Midterm 1. Select one...

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