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Politics_Review - Basic Ideals of Democracy 1 Government...

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Basic Ideals of Democracy 1. Government respect for human dignity 2. Equality before law (for all people) 3. Free & open elections, with widespread participation; 1 person = 1 vote 4. Decisions by the majority, with respect for minority rights Capitalism Economic system based on free enterprise & individualism; based on ideas that  government should interfere with the individual & economic transactions as little  as possible Unity The principle that Americans are one people & form an indivisible nation Diversity The principle that individual & group differences should be respected & are a  source of national strength Democracy Government by the people; a governmental system in which ‘the people’ hold the  power (as opposed to power held by one person or a few people) Constitutionalism Set of arrangements such as checks & balances, separation of powers, federalism,  rule of law, due process, and freedoms in the Bill of Rights;  the concept that the  constitution is the basic law, above all else, including elected leaders who are  required to follow the constitution (limited government); a government of laws,  not of men, (also called ‘rule of law’) Legitimacy Widespread acceptance (by people) of something as right or binding Universal suffrage Right of all/most people to vote for elected officials Theories of Power Majoritarian  Majority of people’ actually control government decision making Pluralist  Groups (special interest & political parties) have dominant power
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Elite Government is really controlled by a small group of ‘the wealthy elite’ Bureaucratic  Government is run by career civil servants in the federal bureaucracy Purposes of government Establish justice Insure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves Ideology Concept of something as a model to be followed, in its most perfect form; a goal  or principle of noble character; something that exists only in the mind, as one  would wish it to be Constitution Who writes and changes the constitution-we the people Congress only PROPOSES changes Establishes a government  Defines the authority and limitation of the government Basic Purposes of Government Establish justice Insure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves Four Principles to Limit Power of the Government Separation of Powers
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