Judiciary (Review)

Judiciary (Review) - activity; brought by plaintiff not...

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The Judiciary Judicial Review: power of courts (especially Supreme Court) to invalidate or declare unconstitutional laws passed by the legislature or the acts of the executive branch Adjudication (legal proceedings): vs. federal level Jurisdiction (2 types): - Original: authority of court to hear & see evidence for the first time and decide guilt or innocence - Appellate: Juries (2 types): - Grand Jury: gather information, decide if enough evidence to hold suspect for trial - Petit Jury: “trial jury” as seen on TV, decides guilt or innocence Legal Cases (2 types): - Criminal: involves physical behavior, violation of law: the state vs accused; court decides guilt or innocence (beyond reasonable doubt) & punishment - Civil: concerns private parties vs each other, individual responsibility or obligatory
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Unformatted text preview: activity; brought by plaintiff not state, and court decides based on preponderance of evidence, not guilt beyond reasonable doubt Law (3 types): US law based on old English Common Law , (precedent)- Constitutional: written down in Constitution- Statutory: made by Congress / legislature , written down in statutes (real laws)- Administrative: made by bureaucracy , rules with the force of law Courts Enforce Two Concepts of Justice (have 2 jobs): - Protect society from criminals (TDCJ)- Protect accused from the government (Due Process) 1 st job Criminals: typically young (30%), male (80%), minority (60%) poor (of all races), under-educated (70% score less than 8 th grade level), and drug related (80%)...
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