Judiciary (Review) - activity brought by ‘plaintiff’...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Judiciary Judicial Review: power of courts (especially Supreme Court) to invalidate or declare unconstitutional laws passed by the legislature or the acts of the executive branch Adjudication (legal proceedings): vs. federal level Jurisdiction (2 types): - Original: authority of court to hear & see evidence for the first time and decide guilt or innocence - Appellate: Juries (2 types): - Grand Jury: gather information, decide if enough evidence to hold suspect for trial - Petit Jury: “trial jury” as seen on TV, decides guilt or innocence Legal Cases (2 types): - Criminal: involves physical behavior, violation of law: the state vs accused; court decides guilt or innocence (beyond reasonable doubt) & punishment - Civil: concerns private parties vs each other, individual responsibility or obligatory
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: activity; brought by ‘plaintiff’ not state, and court decides based on ‘preponderance’ of evidence, not guilt beyond reasonable doubt Law (3 types): US law based on old English ‘Common Law’ , (‘precedent’)- Constitutional: written down in Constitution- Statutory: made by Congress / legislature , written down in statutes (real laws)- Administrative: made by bureaucracy , ‘rules with the force of law’ Courts Enforce Two ‘Concepts of Justice’ (have 2 jobs): - Protect society from criminals (TDCJ)- Protect accused from the government (‘Due Process’) 1 st job Criminals: typically young (30%), male (80%), minority (60%)… poor (of all races), under-educated (70% score less than 8 th grade level), and drug related (80%)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course POL 1013 taught by Professor Dr.j.philiprogers during the Spring '05 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online