Judiciary (Review) - activity brought by ‘plaintiff’...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Judiciary Judicial Review: power of courts (especially Supreme Court) to invalidate or declare unconstitutional laws passed by the legislature or the acts of the executive branch Adjudication (legal proceedings): 95% takes place at state & local vs. federal level Jurisdiction (2 types): - Original: authority of court to hear & see evidence for the first time and decide guilt or innocence - Appellate: appeal process, to review court procedures & decision, but not guilt Juries (2 types): - Grand Jury: gather information, decide if enough evidence to hold suspect for trial - Petit Jury: “trial jury” as seen on TV, decides guilt or innocence Legal Cases (2 types): - Criminal: involves physical behavior, violation of law: the state vs accused; court decides guilt or innocence (beyond reasonable doubt) & punishment - Civil: concerns private parties vs each other, individual responsibility or obligatory
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: activity; brought by ‘plaintiff’ not state, and court decides based on ‘preponderance’ of evidence, not guilt beyond reasonable doubt Law (3 types): US law based on old English ‘Common Law’ , (‘precedent’)- Constitutional: written down in Constitution- Statutory: made by Congress / legislature , written down in statutes (real laws)- Administrative: made by bureaucracy , ‘rules with the force of law’ Courts Enforce Two ‘Concepts of Justice’ (have 2 jobs): - Protect society from criminals (TDCJ)- Protect accused from the government (‘Due Process’) 1 st job Criminals: typically young (30%), male (80%), minority (60%)… poor (of all races), under-educated (70% score less than 8 th grade level), and drug related (80%)...
View Full Document

  • Spring '05
  • Dr.J.PhilipRogers
  • Law, especially Supreme Court, innocence Legal Cases, executive branch Adjudication, Judiciary Judicial Review, reasonable doubt Law

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern