Anthropology � Exam 3 Review

Anthropology � Exam 3 Review - Anthropology Exam 3...

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Anthropology – Exam 3 Review Chapter 15: Migration A. Migration: the movement of a person or people from one place to another B. Categories of Migration Based on Spatial Boundaries: C. Internal Migration: population movement w/in state boundaries a. Push-Pull Theory: explanation for rural-to-urban migration that emphasizes people’s incentives to move based on a lack of opportunity in rural areas (push) compared to urban areas (pull) b. Associated with both individual choice and structural forces; stress-related health problems D. International Migration: 2% of the population live outside of their home countries a. Driving Forces=economic and political changes that affect labor demands and human welfare E. Transnational Migration: a person regularly moves between two or more countries and forms a new cultural identity transcending a single geopolitical unit a. Increasing, partly because of the creation of state boundaries b. Constant movement among diff places weakens sense of having one home and promotes a sense of belonging to a diffuse community of similar transnational migrants whose lives “in between” locations take on a new transnational cultural reality. c. Remittances: transfer of money/goods by a migrant to his/her fam back home F. Categories of Migration Based on Reason for Moving a. Labor Migrants: i. Wage Labor Migration: people migrate each year to work for a specific pd of time but do not intend to establish permanent residence (e.g., Asian women=highest rate) ii. Circular Migration: a regular pattern of population movement b/t two or more places (w/in or b/t countries) b. Displaced Persons: people who are evicted from their homes, communities, or countries and forced to move elsewhere (often
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b/c of colonialism, slavery, war, persecution, natural disasters) i. Refugees: internationally displaced persons (forced to relocate b/c that are potential victims of persecution on basis of race, religion, nationality, ethnicity, gender, etc) ii. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): people who are forced to leave their home and community but who remain w/in their country; fastest growing category of displaced people; often displaced b/c of development projects (e.g., damns, mining) iii. Development-Induced Displacement (DID): forced migration due to development projects, such as dam building 1. Factors that ease/increase relocation stresses: extent to which new place resembles home place in climate, language, food; c. Institutional Migrants: people who move into a social institution ([un]voluntarily) (e.g., monks, nuns, prisoners, elderly, boarding school/college students) G. New Immigrant: international migrant who has moved since the 1960s a. Trends: i. Globalization—more countries are involved in international migration ii. Acceleration—growth in numbers of migrants has occurred worldwide iii. Feminization—women are a growing percentage of international migrants to and from all regions and in all types of migration b. New Immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean:
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Anthropology � Exam 3 Review - Anthropology Exam 3...

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