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Anthropology – Exam I Review

Anthropology – Exam I Review - Anthropology...

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Anthropology – Exam I Review Chapter 1 1. A NTHROPOLOGY : DEFINITION AND FIELDS a. Anthropology : study of humankind in all times/places, including prehistoric origins and contemporary human diversity i. Humanistic Approach: subjective way of understanding humanity through symbolic expression b. Cultural Anthropology : study of contemporary people and cultures i. Considers variations and similarities across cultures, and how cultures change over time ii. Encompasses all aspects of human experience iii. c. Biological Anthropology : study of humans as biological organisms, including evolution and contemporary variation i. Primatology : study of nonhuman members or primates in the wild and captivity ii. Paleoanthropology : study of human evolution on the basis of fossil records iii. Contemporary Human Biological Variation : define, measure, and seek to explain differences in the biological makeup and behavior of contemporary humans d. Archaeology : study of past human cultures through remains (200,000 years) e. Linguistic Anthropology : study of human communication, mainly among humans i. Historical Linguistics : study of language over time and how languages are related ii. Descriptive Linguistics: study of how contemporary languages differ in terms of formal structure iii.
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