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Unformatted text preview: Controlling Microbial Growth in the Environment Because certain microorganisms can cause disease, it is important to eliminate them or reduce their numbers. In certain circumstances, the inhibition of microbial growth represents satisfactory control, in other circumstances complete sterilization is necessary. T ERMINOLOGY OF M ICROBIAL C ONTROL S TERILIZATION Killing or removal of all living organisms and viruses from a growth medium. D ISINFECTION Process of eliminating nearly all pathogens, not all microorganisms, from inanimate objects or surfaces. A NTISEPSIS Inhibition/killing of microorganisms on skin or tissue by the use of a chemical. The chemical is called an antiseptic. D EGERMING Removal of microbes from a surface by scrubbing such as when you wash your hands. S ANITIZATION Reduction of a prescribed number of pathogens from surfaces and utensils in public settings....
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- Spring '07