Cancer Prevention and Nutrition

Cancer Prevention and Nutrition - Nutrition in Cancer...

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Nutrition in Cancer Prevention
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Color Code System of Vegetables and Fruits Color Phytochemical Vegetables and Fruits Red Lycopene Tomatoes and tomato products, pink grapefruit, watermelon Red/purple Anthocyanins, polyphenols Berries, grapes, red wine, prunes Orange α-, β-carotene Carrots, mangoes, pumpkin Orange/yellow β-cryptoxanthin, flavonoids Cantaloupe, peaches, oranges, papaya, nectarines Yellow/green Lutein, zeaxanthin Spinach, avocado, honeydew, collard and turnip greens Green Sulforaphanes, indoles Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower White/green Allyl sulphides Leeks, onion, garlic, chives Data from Heber D: Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases, Data from Heber D: Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases, F Postgrad Med F Postgrad Med 50:145, 2004. 50:145, 2004.
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Guidelines for Cancer Prevention 1. Choose a diet rich in a variety of plant-based foods. 2. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits. 3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active. 4. Drink alcohol only in moderation, if at all. 5. Select foods low in fat and salt. 6. Prepare and store food safely. And always remember . . . Do not use tobacco in any form. From American Institute for Cancer Research: From American Institute for Cancer Research: Simple steps to prevent cancer, Simple steps to prevent cancer, Washington, DC, 2000, AICR.
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Fruits and Vegetables Low in energy, good sources of fiber, vitamins, minerals Good sources of antioxidants (vitamins C, E, selenium, phytochemicals such as carotenoids, flavonoids, plant sterols, allium compounds, indoles, phenols, terpenes Do not yet know what is the protective agent(s) so best to use food sources
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Plant based foods may prevent cancer by Inhibiting hormone-dependent steps in tumor formation and protecting genetic material from carcinogenic agents Suppressing free radical production Serving as bulking agents to dilute carcinogens and decrease gastrointestinal
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HUEC 4011 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Cancer Prevention and Nutrition - Nutrition in Cancer...

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