Cancer - Relationship of Nutrition to Cancer Prevention and...

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9/25/01 Nutrition 1 Relationship of Nutrition to Cancer  Prevention and Treatment Arline McDonald, Ph.D Department of Preventive Medicine September 25, 2001
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9/25/01 Nutrition 2 Proportion of Cancer Deaths Attributable  to Various Factors  (Doll and Peto, 1981) Factor Best Estimate Range of Acceptable Estimates Tobacco 30 25-40 Alcohol 3 2-4 Diet 35 10-70 Food Additives 1 (-5**)-2 Reproductive/Sexual Behavior 7 1-13 Occupation 4 2-8 Pollution 2 1-5 Industrial Products 1 1-2 Medicines/Medical Products 1 0.5-3 Geophysical Factors 3 2-4 Infection 10 1-?
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9/25/01 Nutrition 3 Worldwide Cancer Data in 2000 0 5 10 15 20 25 Millions Mortality Incidence Prevalence U.S.  
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9/25/01 Nutrition 4 Impact of Nutrition on Cancer Mortality Prevention balanced intake of  nutrients  sufficient intake of non- nutrient factors appropriate  preparation methods  adequate storage  conditions  Treatment mitigate dose-limiting  complications  mucositis diarrhea myalgia, arthralgia premature CHD peripheral neuropathy neurovascular  damage radiation enteritis synergistic effects
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9/25/01 Nutrition 5 Cancer Continuum Diagnosis Death from Cancer Death from Other Causes Post Therapy Therapy Long-term  Survival Survivorship Begins Nerve damage,  pulmonary  diffusion capacity, hypertension, CHD, hi freq hearing loss
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9/25/01 Nutrition 6 Goals of Cancer Survivors Reduce risk of recurrence apply preventive approaches Rebuild and improve immune system insure sufficient intakes of immunosupportive  micronutrients prevent weight loss (energy) preserve lean body mass (energy and protein) Eliminate debilitating fatigue preserve lean body mass (energy and protein) adequate intake of iron, copper, magnesium,  B-vitamins
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9/25/01
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2011 for the course HUEC 4011 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Cancer - Relationship of Nutrition to Cancer Prevention and...

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