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Child Psychology #1 - 22:51 Developmental goals Emotional...

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22:51 Developmental goals Emotional, educational, skills Capacity to control emotion ( self regulation ) Expression through behavior The Marshmallow Task o Youtube video o Effort in controlling temptation Jittery movements o Not looking at it o Smelling o Struggle, conflicts o No thought into other options Delaying gratification o Older children have more control (typically) o Gender differences Girls are better at task Expectations are higher for girls to control emotions o Cultural differences East Asian kids > American kids o Academic predictor many years later
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Relationship: developmental continuity  Self-regulatory capacity Biggest predictor o Accommodating options Teach/ practice concept more Change educational system, more actively involved o Popularity  Based on good social skills o Successful people are desirable to be around o
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Child Development 22:51 Study of children born on Hawaiian Island of Kauai Large sample size and lots of data collected for all children o Info on birth histories  o Family income, level of education of parents Illustrates some of the many ways which biological and environmental factors  combine to influence child development o Level of success in school, social life, career o Can draw conclusions and make predictions  Longitudinal study o Collect data from individual children multiple times over a span of time Pre-natal, birth, age 3, age 5….. The Context of Development Results: the quality of the home environment played an even larger role in  development than biological risk facts o Quality home can mediate biological factors Quality home o Positive emotions o Low levels of aggression Awareness and communication of how to manage aggression o Family structure Divorce has no negative outcomes on children Problematic because of hostility (conflict between parents/  caregivers)
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Child Development 22:51 Prenatal and birth complications were consistently related to imparted  psychological functioning only when combined with poor rearing conditions o Goal: improve quality of home rearing environment for children Exceptions  (from Hawaiian study) o About 1/3 of children who faced both birth complications and adverse  family circumstances developed into successful young adults (by age 10) High Resilience Kids Goal: figure out why kids with high risk factors can overcome odds  and use this to let everyone overcome  These resilient children had often been  befriended by an adult  outside the family Organizations such as big brother/ sister Good social skills, High IQ Increased self esteem More friends, more attention
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