Biology Lecture 5 - Biology Lecture 5 4 categories of...

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Biology Lecture 5 4 categories of biological molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids Macromolecules- very large with thousand of atoms connected covalently Molecular structure and function are inseparable Polymer- long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks Monomers- small building-block molecules that are on the polymer 3 of the classes are polymers linked by monomers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic acids Condensation reaction (dehydration reaction)- 2 monomers join together Water molecule is released Requires energy Enzymes- speed up any process Allow reactions to occur without being consumed itself in the reaction Polymers are broken up by hydrolysis and form monomers Cells have thousands of different kinds of macromolecules Carbohydrates- include sugars and polymers of sugars Serve as fuel, and provide structure Monosaccharides- simplest carbohydrates Polysaccharides- composed of many sugar building blocks (monomers) Monosaccharides have formulas that are multiples of CH
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Biology Lecture 5 - Biology Lecture 5 4 categories of...

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