Ch1_ScienceA - How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge? Psychologists, like researchers in all other sciences, use the scientific method to test their ideas empirically
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Psychology disputes unfounded claims from pseudoscience Pseudoscience – Any approach to explaining phenomena in the natural world that does not use empirical observation or the scientific method (e.g. Astrology, palmistry, psychics, etc.) How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge?
Background image of page 2
The Scientific Attitude Critical Thinking 101 1. Do not blindly accept arguments or conclusions. 2. Examine all assumptions (implicit & explicit) 3. Evaluate evidence (objective?) 4. Are the conclusions supported? “What do they mean?” “How do they know that?”
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Psychologists must be skeptical and think critically What is the evidence? How was it collected? Psychology is Empirical Psych conclusions based on research NOT tradition or common sense Knowledge acquired through observation
Background image of page 4
Empirical investigation An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and observation as research data How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge? Scientific method A five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothesis under conditions designed to control biases and subjective judgments
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Five Steps of the Scientific Method Developing a hypothesis Developing a hypothesis Performing a controlled test Performing a controlled test Gathering objective data Gathering objective data Analyzing the results Analyzing the results Publishing, criticizing, and Publishing, criticizing, and replicating the results replicating the results
Background image of page 6
Developing a Developing a hypothesis hypothesis Performing a controlled test Gathering objective data Analyzing the results Publishing, criticizing, and replicating the results Hypothesis – A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study Operational definitions – Exact procedures used in establishing experimental conditions and measurement of results The Five Steps of the Scientific Method
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Developing a hypothesis Performing a Performing a controlled test controlled test Gathering objective data
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/03/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Hartley during the Fall '05 term at Boise State.

Page1 / 30

Ch1_ScienceA - How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online