Chapter 3 - Biology 002 Chapter 3 * Organic Molecules *...

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Biology 002 Chapter 3 * Organic Molecules * Organic molecules (carbon hydrogen) Human make-up o 67% - water o 1% - ions – charged particles o 32% - organic Hydrocarbon Carbon and hydrogen These are produced by living organisms Man uses them – energy o 1C – Methane o 2C – Propane o 3C – Butane o 4C – Octane Organic Molecules of Life ( CHNOPS ) Carbohydrates CH 2 O Lipids (fats) CH 2X O Protein CHONS Nucleotides CHONP Carbohydrates Function o Energy o Structural (plant mainly)
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Monosaccharide (1 sugar) o They cannot be hydrolyzed into simpler sugars o Glucose – C 6 H 12 O 6 o Fructose – C 6 H 12 O 6 o Galactose – C 6 H 12 O 6 o Ribose – C 5 H 10 O 5 o Deoxyribose – C 5 H 10 O 4 Hydrolysis Breaking down with H 2 O Disaccharide (2 sugars together) o Formed by condensation (dehydration) synthesis (C.S.) o C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 C 12 H 22 O 11 + H 2 O o Glucose + Fructose Sucrose + H 2 O o Glucose + glucose
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2011 for the course ART 001 taught by Professor Amburgy,patricia during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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Chapter 3 - Biology 002 Chapter 3 * Organic Molecules *...

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