The Open Empire - Page053 04:10 TheOpenEmpirePgs(134)...

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Page 0-53 04:10  The Open Empire Pgs (1-34) Introduction     We know more about China’s Past then about any other civilization Court historians were hired to write down chronicles about emperors,  ministers, and generals. They usually ignored ordinary men and women, non-Chinese minorities, and  economic and social changes that defied the compartmentalization of  Chinese History into dynastic periods Goals of This Book Dynastic cycle exaggerates the importance of the emperor and minimizes the  contribution of other social groups to the historic record. Buddhism entered China during the period of division between the third and  sixth centuries, and continued to grow during the Sui and Tang dynasties The Model of the Dynastic Cycle All founding emperors were strong while the ending emperors were often evil  and always weak The first long dynasty in China was known as the Han (207 B.C.- A.D. 220) Liu Bang (reigned 206-195 B.C.) defeated Qin emperor to found a new  dynasty Archeological Sources Terra-Cotta warriors are located in the modern city of Xian Oracle bones record the outcomes of divination sessions conducted by the  ancient kings. They are scratched on ox scapulas or tortoise shells, the oracle  bones cover all matters of state ranging from battles against enemies to the  kings own health. First Chinese Kingdom was known as Shang Many artifacts reflect the belief of “after life” in the society Literary Sources: The Use of Fiction Emperor Wu was a women who reigned from 684 to 705, she was crowned  emperor in her own right due to her ability to take advantage of the prolonged  illness of her husband the emperor
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Inventing China      pg 17 (Chronology Chart) The Beginnings of the Written Record King Wu Ding- ruled the Shang Dynasty China is the only civilization in the world to use the same writing system for  over three millennia Dragon Bone Soup and Early Chinese Writing People believed grinding up dragon bones (which were really cattle skulls and  undersized turtles) would cure malaria One day in 1899 a man realized his turtle shell had scratching on them and  went back to the druggist to buy the rest of the supplies, they dated these  shells to Anyang in the Central Chinese province of Henan The Oracle Bones Used two types of things to write on -> Undersides of turtle shells and  scapulas of cattle or water buffalo NOTES IN CLASS
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Dynasty (middle kingdom) Chi Na in japanese means middle kingdom They dominated writing in their kingdom The author of the book had a problem with the name dynasty because some 
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2011 for the course CHINESE 101 taught by Professor Shen during the Spring '11 term at Nevada State College.

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The Open Empire - Page053 04:10 TheOpenEmpirePgs(134)...

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