APRIL 25

APRIL 25 - APRIL25,2011 SunniShiaSplit Sunnah(tradition...

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APRIL 25, 2011 15:41 Sunni-Shi’a Split “Sunnah” (tradition) 855 of Muslims Abu Bakr, Aisha Community consensus Caliphs Great cultural variety Many reform movements emerged “Partisans of Ali” – Shi’a 15% of Muslims Ali, Fatima 680 Massacre at Karbala (Ali’s son Husayn) – full split Fondness, devotion to Muhammed’s family 12 Imams – spiritual leaders (or 7) 12 th  Imam – Messianic. Will return. Martyrdom – underdog consciousness. Orthodox, “rightly guided” Caliphs Abu Bakr – 632-634 Umar – 634-644 Most successful rule, established many practices and institutions of Islamic  society Uthman – 644-656 Criticized for nepotism, murdered Authoritative version of Qur-an
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Ali – 656-661 Civil war, criticized by Aisha for not dealing harshy enough with Uthman’s  murderers. Growth of Islam beyond Arabia
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2011 for the course REL 1001 taught by Professor Yadlapati during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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APRIL 25 - APRIL25,2011 SunniShiaSplit Sunnah(tradition...

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