Davis_STI_presentation2011_Heller

Davis_STI_presentation2011_Heller - Dr Davis EdD MPH MSW...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/4/11 Sexually Transmitted Infections Dr. Davis, EdD, MPH, MSW Department of Public Health
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5/4/11 What Do We Need to Know About Safer  Sex? Condoms reduce but do not eliminate the risk of STI’s Dental dams are recommended for oral sex Sex toys should be cleaned before reused Abstinence and monogamy are the only ways for protection from STI’s Serial monogamy does not protect against all STI’s
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5/4/11 Know You (and Your Partners) Sexual  History Sex with men, women or both Oral, vaginal or anal sex Use of barrier protection Number of partners Last sexual encounter Past history of STI’s
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5/4/11 Testing Standards Women should have their first Pap test at age 21 Note: There is a difference between a pelvic examination and a Pap test Once vaginal sex has occurred, women should have a pelvic examination and be screened annually for Chlamydia until age 25
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5/4/11 Chlamydia In 2008, CDC (Centers for Disease Control) reported 1,210,523 new cases of Chlamydia 401.3 cases per 100,000 population Rates for women have increased annually since the late 1980’s Most commonly in persons15-24 years of
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5/4/11 Chlamydia Bacterial Spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex; ejaculation does not need to occur 80% of females and 50% of males have no symptoms
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5/4/11 Chlamydia IF symptoms occur, may be burning with urination, irregular menstrual bleeding, unusual vaginal discharge, or discharge from penis Complications: pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, ectopic pregnancy, epididymitis Treatment with antibiotic followed by period of abstinence Other STI testing
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Gonorrhea In 2008, CDC reported 336,742 cases 111.6 cases per 100,000 population Most commonly in ages 15-24
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Davis_STI_presentation2011_Heller - Dr Davis EdD MPH MSW...

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