STI Davis-Heller Expanded Black

STI Davis-Heller Expanded Black - SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED...

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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND SEXUALLY RELATED DISEASES Natasha Davis, Ed.D., M.P.H., M.S.W. Patrice Heller, Ph.D, D.D., LMFT, Rabbi Temple University
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Chapter Eight Sexually Transmitted Infections
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STIs and SRDs Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) describes infections that are contracted through sexual intimacy, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. a There are 20 STIs that have been identified a Caused by 3 types of organisms: Bacteria, Virus, Parasite Sexually-related diseases (SRDs) are disorders of the reproductive tract that can occur in either sexually active or sexually inactive individuals.
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Risk Factors for STIs Absence of STI Symptoms b Asymptomatic Lack of Accurate Information “Unhealthy” Sexual Emotions Poor Sexual Communication Substance Abuse a Alcohol Myopia Theory High-Risk Sexual Behaviors
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Risk Factors for STIs
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STI: Bacteria Chlamydia – The “silent” STI a Incidence in the US: approximately 3 million a PA vs. Philadelphia (women only): 500 per 100,000 vs. 1500 per 100,000 a Can cause PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in women E Can Cause Epididymitis in men E Tx doxycyclen
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Epididymitis
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STI: Bacteria Gonorrhea a Cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and urethra… also mouth, throat, eyes, and anus Passed through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus a Incidence in U.S.: approx 700,000 a Tx: antibiotics - BUT - drug-resistant strains are increasing
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9 Gonorrhea Symptoms in Men Discharge from the penis (may be thick, milky white, yellowish, or greenish) Burning on urination These symptoms can also appear in women Warning: Gonorrhea can also be Source : CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides 
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Sexually Related Diseases/Infections Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) a Infection of reproductive organs a About 1million experience acute PID 100,000 women become infertile in a year Ectopic pregnancies a Occurs often from untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea a Usually there are no symptoms until much damage has been done Lower abdominal pain, fever, unusual vaginal discharge with odor, painful intercourse and urination, irregular bleeding
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Syphilis Symptoms a Chancre Transmissi on Diagnosis
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STI: Bacteria Syphilis a Disproportionately affects African American population (about 30x higher rates) a 3 stages Primary: painless lesion (chancre) that disappears with or without tx within 2-6 weeks Secondary: generalized rash on body can also go away without tx . Can have a dull depressed feeling, fever, and some hair loss Latent: no visible symptoms , can have nervous system dysfunction (blindness, paralysis, crippling, brain damage, and possibly death)
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Syphilis Source : Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
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STI: Virus These viruses are incurable BUT can be controlled HSV-1: usually oral a 5-30% genital herpes caused by HSV-1 HSV-2: usually genital Anti-viral medications
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Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course PSYCH 818 taught by Professor Heller during the Spring '11 term at Temple.

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STI Davis-Heller Expanded Black - SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED...

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