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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3: Helping Diverse Learners Succeed in Today’s Classrooms Cultural Diversity • Culture: knowledge, attitudes, values, customs, and behavior patterns that characterize a social group • Cultural Diversity: Different cultures you’ll encounter in classrooms and how these cultural differences influence learning. • Ethnicity: person’s ancestry—the way individuals identify themselves with the nation from which they or their ancestors came—is an important part of culture. o Members share a common identify defined by their history, language, customs, and traditions. • Assimilation: process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior • Multicultural Education: term that describes a variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences in teaching and learning. • Culturally Responsive Teaching: instruction that acknowledges and accommodates cultural diversity. It attempts to accomplish this goal in three ways. o Accepting and valuing cultural differences o Accommodating different cultural interaction patterns o Building on students’ cultural backgrounds- Teachers communicate caring by: 1) Devoting time to students 2) Demonstrating interest in students’ concerns 3) Involving all students in learning activities-Accommodation without assimilation: adapting to the dominant culture without losing cultural identity Language Diversity • English Language Learners (ELL): students whose first language is not English and who need help in learning to speak, read, and write in English. • Maintenance language programs: place the greatest emphasis on using and sustaining the first language. • Immersion/ESL programs: emphasize rapid transition to English • Transition programs: maintain the first language until students acquire sufficient English to proceed in that language....
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- Spring '11
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, exceptionalities