Chapter 5_Education in the United States-It's Historical Roots

Chapter 5_Education in the United States-It's Historical Roots

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Chapter 5: Education in the United States: Its Historical Roots The Colonial Period (1607-1775) -Educators generally agree that some form of moral education is needed in schools, but they disagree about the form and shape it should take. -Should the federal government give financial aid to parochial schools? -Colonial America had the same class and gender distinctions common in Europe at the time Differences in Colonies Southern Colonies: centered around agriculture, wealthy white plantation owners could afford tutors and schooling. Private schools sponsored by the Church of England were in the larger Southern cities. Middle Colonies: more diverse than South, many different religious groups, difficult to create public schools that satisfied everyone, families created parochial schools: learned native language and local religious beliefs New England Colonies: culturally and religious homogeneous, which made consensus about school goals easier to achieve, industry and commerce -Puritans believed education was important because it made people more righteous -They saw children as savage and primitive, requiring education (religion) to become civilized and God-fearing -Curriculum: reading, writing, arithmetic, religion -Instruction focused on memorization and recitation -Massachusetts Act of 1647/ Old Deluder Satan Act: law was designed to create scripture-literate citizens who would thwart Satan’s trickery. -provided the legal foundation for public support of education -Public good was enhanced by government-sponsored efforts at public education (cornerstone of American education) European Crosscurrents -view that education should be reserved for wealthy White males -educators made few attempts to relate the curriculum to the average person -people started to question the effectiveness of the educational system (ie memorization) -John Comenius: questioned effectiveness of memorization/recitation -John Locke: emphasized firsthand experiences -Jean Jacques Rousseau: viewed children as innately good -Johann Pestalozzi: criticized authoritarian educational practices The Legacy of the Colonial Period -1) poor Whites, females, and minorities were excluded from schools -2) shaped our current system of education through actions that planted the seeds for public support of education -3) relationship b/w religious and schooling prevalent in the colonial period influenced attitudes about education for many years
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Religion in Schools -Constitution: separation of church and state -Establishment Clause: prohibits the government from passing legislation to establish one religion over another -Questions asked: -Should prayer be allowed in schools? -Should federal money be used to provide instruction in religious schools? -What role should religion play in character education?
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course EDT 190 taught by Professor Dr.thomaskopp during the Spring '11 term at Miami University.

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Chapter 5_Education in the United States-It's Historical Roots

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