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Chapter 9 School Law - Chapter 9 School Law Ethical and...

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Chapter 9: School Law Ethical and Legal Influences on Teaching Law, Ethics, and Teacher Professionalism Limitations of Laws -Teachers are bound by the law to be responsible for the safety of children (ie break up a fight) -Limitations: 1) laws are purposely general so they can apply to a variety of situations 2) laws were created in response to problems that existed in the past, so they don’t provide specific guidelines for future decisions Ethical Dimensions of Teaching -law tells teachers what they can do (rights) and what they must do (responsibilities) -laws don’t tell teachers what they should do - professional ethics: set of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior -National Education Association (NEA) provides guidance to teachers in ambiguous professional situations The U.S. Legal System Federal Influences -plays a central role in defining the rights and responsibilities of teachers/students -First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech -Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures -Constitution provides general guidelines, but specific decisions are left to teachers and other educators -Civil Rights Act -Title IX State and Local Influences -pass laws regulating teachers’ qualifications, working conditions, and legal rights -create departments of education with variety of responsibilities -1) be familiar with constitutional amendments and federal laws -2) know the laws that operate in your specific state The Overlapping Legal System -overlapping levels of the legal system have been created to corresponds to different levels of responsibility -school law
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Teachers’ Rights and Responsibilities Employment, Academic Freedom, Copyright laws, Teacher liability, Child abuse, Teachers’ private lives Teacher Employment and the Law - Licensure: process by which a state evaluates the credentials of prospective teachers to ensure that they have achieved satisfactory levels of teaching competence and are morally fit to work with others -competency tests - Teaching contract: legal employment agreement between a teacher and a local school board - Collective Bargaining: process that occurs when a local chapter of a professional
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