{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 12 Effective Instruction

Chapter 12 Effective Instruction - Chapter 12 Effective...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 12: Effective Instruction in American Schools Learning and Teaching in Today’s Classrooms Principles of Learning Cognitive Learning theories: explanations for learning that focus on changes in the ways people think that result from their efforts to make sense of the world. -learning depends on experiences -learners construct knowledge in an attempt to make sense of their experiences -Knowledge that is constructed depends on knowledge that is already possessed -learning is enhanced by social interaction -learning requires practice and feedback Feedback: information about existing understanding that we use to increase future understanding Effective Instruction: builds on the principles of learning in the previous section to maximize learning in the classroom. Planning for Effective Teaching Select topics, specify learning objectives, prepare and organize learning activities, plan for assessment, ensure instructional alignment Select Topics -standards, textbooks, and curriculum guides are all sources teachers commonly use -teacher’s knowledge, philosophies, and students’ interest Specify Learning Objectives Learning objective: Statements that specify what students should know or be able to do with respect to a topic or course of study -Robert Mager: Preparing Instructional Objectives ( Objective, Condition, Performance, Criteria) -Norman Gronlund: (General Objective, Specific Learning Outcome) -revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy: uses a matrix with 24 cells that represent the intersection of four types of knowledge with six cognitive processes Prepare and Organize Learning Activities High-quality examples: representations of content that ideally have all the information in them that the students need to reach teacher’s learning objectives.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern