What is a city? From what we’ve read in the first weeks of class, what are
some different ways that theorists characterize the city?
City has economic vitality and political power| has stability| brings together|
center of intellectual and cultural forces
| City as
an economic entity
: crucial to city
fortunes, which rise and fall; i.e. Detroit: Ford introduced model T in 1908, assembly
manufacturing line; Shanghai: opium trade in 1800s but today center of China's
manufacturing industry; grand stable vibrant, booming suburbs; Location: routes are
virtual and real; i.e. markets and trade routes, Hong Kong|
City as expression of
: Dissent and deliberation, dynamic of powerful and powerless, center
of empires; physical nature has expression of political power, idea of a nation,
institutional structures; i.e. Sao Paolo- movement to organize homeless people, Rome,
Washington D.C., New Delhi capital of independent India.
In what ways is pre-modern urban growth similar to and different from urban
growth today? Use the readings as the basis of your argument
city planners and residents all investigate into protect from crime, poverty,
filth, and pollution. All are concentration on political power and population| PMU are
brought by industrialization, with higher density (Asia has the fastest urban
population growth compared two eras), more like utopian cities, with collective
ownership of land.
[Harvey] PMU problems: marginalization, disempowerment, alienation,
degradation and pollution; actions: clean up and beautify reforms. |UGT: a
concentration of capital and surpluses; capital mover all around the world; there are
not so many workers living and working in cities; less colonization; but residents are
classified by “classes”; places central to questions of development and transformation,
central to ways we respond to.
Why is it important to study cities? Know the trends in urbanization – how
much of the world is urban, what are mega-cities, and how have they grown in
size and number over time.
Know what a second tier city is as well, and why
they are important.
City is an economic+political+cultural entity. City is an important element of
society.| the trend is global cities. [Massey] City as a node of a network, "focus of a
wider geography, " places of meeting and encounters, open and continually changing,
multiple histories, processes of negotiation and renegotiation, thing that maintains
differences. Mixtures of not just cultures, but also changing links with world beyond.
Just because it's a node doesn't mean that it will thrive. It has to still be open.| about
5% of the world is urbanized| Mega-cities are cities with more than 10 million people|
development: colonial cities/ colonial port cities-> primate cities (the biggest in a
country, over twice as large as the next largest city)-> mega-cities-> global cities
(command and control centers of global capitalist economy)-> neoliberal cities->