UTI Care Plan - CindyRadford...

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Cindy Radford Nursing Care Plan for Urinary Tract Infections UTIs are common and usually occur because of the entry of bacteria into the urinary tract at the  urethra. Approximately 20-25% of women have a UTI sometime during their lifetime and acute  UTIs account for approximately 7 million healthcare visits per year for young women. About 20%  of women who develop a UTI experience recurrences. Women are more prone to UTIs than men  because of natural anatomic variations. The female urethra is only about 1-2 inches in length,  whereas the male urethra is 7-8 inches long. The female urethra is closer to the anus than is the  male   urethra,   increasing   women’s   risk   for   fecal   contamination.   The   motion   during   sexual  intercourse also increases the female’s risk for infection. Urinary reflux is one reason that bacteria spread in the urinary tract. Vesicourethral reflux occurs  when pressure increases in the bladder from coughing or sneezing and pushed urine into the  urethra. When pressure return to normal, the urine moves back into the bladder, taking with it  bacteria from the urethra. In vesicourethral reflux, urine flows backward from the bladder to the  ureters and widening the infection. If they are left untreated, UTIs can lead to chronic infections,  pyelonephritis, and even systemic sepsis and septic shock. If infection reaches the kidneys,  permanent renal damage can occur, which leads to acute and chronic renal failure. The pathogen that accounts for about 90% of UTIs is Escherichia coli. Other organisms that are  commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and may contaminate the genitourinary tract  include   Enterobacter,   Pseudomonas,   group   B   beta-hemolytic   streptococci,   Proteus   miabilis, 
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2011 for the course NURS 2210 taught by Professor Dims during the Spring '11 term at Virginia College.

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UTI Care Plan - CindyRadford...

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