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Exam 2 review - obesity Can be prevented with healthy diet...

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Exam 2 review Blood Glucose Regulation - Insulin – moves glucose from the blood into the cells - Glucagon – brings glucose out of storage when necessary. - Epinephrine – acts quickly to ensure that all the body cells have energy fuel in emergencies. Works to release glucose from liver glycogen to the blood - When blood glucose falls below normal = food can replenish it. - When blood glucose rises above normal = insulin can signal the cell to take in glucose for energy - Diabetes – blood glucose rises after a meal and remains above normal levels. - Type 1 –( RARE ) pancreas fails to produce insulin. Mostly born with it - Type 2 – (Common) the cells fail to respond to insulin. Insulin resistant. Consequence of
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Unformatted text preview: obesity. Can be prevented with healthy diet and weight management. -Hypoglycemia – weakness rapid heartbeat sweating. Consequence of poorly managed diabetes, too much insulin, strenuous physical activity, inadequate food intake. -Glycemic response – how quickly glucose is absorbed after a person eats, how high blood glucose rises, and how quickly it return to normal -Low Glycemic Response –slow absorption, modest rise in blood glucose and a smooth return to normal -High Glycemic Response -fast absorption, surge in blood glucose, and an overreaction that plunges glucose below normal -Glycemic index – a method of classifying foods according to their potential raise in blood glucose...
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