Art History Chapter 20 Study Guide

Art History Chapter 20 Study Guide - Chapter 20 TERMS...

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Chapter 20 TERMS: One-point (linear) perspective Vanishing point Foreshortening Oculus Venus Pudica Refectory Sfumato “Stanza della Segnatura” (room of the signature) -Raphael -1510-11 -Vatican (papal apartments) -4 walls each dedicated to one of the branches of knowledge: philosophy, religion, law, poetry “School of Athens” -Raphael -1510-1511 -collection of philosophers discussing their theories -Plato and Aristotle (ideal forms/neoplatonism vs. empirical knowledge/experience) -statues of gods (Apollo and Minerva) -used other contemporaries as models? -St. Peters Basilica is setting (open space b/ w arches) “Pieta” (piety) -Michelangelo -1500 -mastered painting and sculpture -iconic and narrative -scene from passion of the Christ -reveals pre-existing form in the marble, liberating sculpture within -Virgin Mary pure and innocent, not age Leonardo da Vinci “The Last Supper” -1495–1498 -Monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie, -- Milan, Italy -Refectory(cafeteria) for monks -Christ is about to die -Christ head framed by window -After he says, one of you will betray me - (Judas) -tried a different type of fresco, did not work Leonardo “Mona Lisa” -1503 -Musée du Louvre, Paris -Lisa Gherardini is pictured -Innovative: shows waist up, looking outward, captivation -soft warm light: sfumato Leonardo Vitruvian Man” -1490 -Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice -ideal proportions of human body
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-mastery of anatomical detail -Michelangelo signature on Virgin Mary’s sash “David”
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