Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Religion, Ethics, Economics,...

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Chapter 2 Religion, Ethics, Economics, Government and Policy, Education Coal Mining Case Study: Mountaintop Removal Why in Appalachia? -biological diversity hotspot -headwater streams for major rivers -Definition of Mountaintop removal/valley fills is a mining practice where the tops of mountains are removed, exposing seams of coal. -Overburden: Forests/Trees not harvested, soil bulldozed, and all life gone Religious Ethic -Anthropocentric view: humans are the center, above and separate from nature -coal is there for our use -pollution is the necessary cost of economic progress -Biocentric view: nature is the center, we are part of it Stewardship Ethic : -(Anthropocentric) humans are the center, but we are responsible to care for the Earth -We need coal but we need to develop alternate sources Classic Frontier Ethic -our country is rich with natural resources that are “unlimited: -it is our right to exploit them to the maximum External Costs -health -environment degradation -community costs: sludge dam failures Coal is not sustainable or renewable Government Ethics -clean water act -landowner permission -Laws fail if not enforced -change in words ie. Fill vs. Waste -in 2002: “fill”=any debris created by mining Environmental Education -Does education about issues like this promote: -Energy conservation? -communication with government reps? -Apathy?
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Personal Property Rights -Current landowners were powerless to prevent strip mining from removing homes, farmland Terms Religion: the expression of human belief in, and reverence for, a superhuman power, which may be recognized as a creator and governor of the universe, a supernatural realm, or an ultimate meaning. Pantheism: the belief that multiple gods were responsible for the various forces and workings of nature. Monotheism: the belief in a single God who created the universe but is separate from and outside of His creation. Anthropocentric Worldview: a way of perceiving reality that places humans in a preeminent position that is both above and separate from, the rest of nature.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course GLG 111 taught by Professor Kuentz during the Spring '05 term at Miami University.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Religion, Ethics, Economics,...

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