PSY 430 Jorgensen

PSY 430 Jorgensen - Jorgensen Reading Two types of moral...

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Jorgensen Reading Two types of moral reasoning: 1.Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development a. Explanation: moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor i. Was interested in how individuals would justify their actions if placed in similar moral dilemmas ii. Was an expansion of Piaget's cognitive development model for stages of moral development -included the entire lifespan iii. Arguments include that it emphasizes justice to the exclusion of other moral values, such as caring iv. Based on Piaget's Stages of Moral development b. The Six Stages -Kohlberg's scale is about how people justify behaviors and his stages are not a method of ranking how moral someone's behavior is. There should however be a correlation between how someone scores on the scale and how they behave and the general hypothesis is that moral behavior is more responsible, consistent and predictable from people at higher levels Level 1 (Pre-Conventional) Age 4 to Age 10 - i. Before age 4, we are not able to get a reliable idea of the conventional thought of a child ii. Children are stuck in the stage that centers around reward and punishment iii. Kids may not have rules internalized yet iv. Has nothing to do about how you feel about other people 1. Obedience and punishment orientation -age 4 to age 6 1. How can I avoid punishment? i. Any decision made is based on the reward or punishment that comes with the action ii. It is an act by act basis -hard to generalize from one thing to another 2. Self-interest orientation - age 6 to age 10 1. What's in it for me? i.
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2011 for the course PSY 430 taught by Professor Evans during the Spring '11 term at Miami University.

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PSY 430 Jorgensen - Jorgensen Reading Two types of moral...

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