study guide - Study Guide: Exam #3 I.D. Questions 1. Bayeux...

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Study Guide: Exam #3 I.D. Questions 1. Bayeux Tapestry (pg. 264) What: height: 1 foot and 8 inches; length: more than 200 feet; describes the events associated with the Norman Conquest of England When: 1080 (late 11 th century) Who: Matilda (wife of William the Conqueror) dedicated herself to embroidering this tapestry which recorded the Norman victory in the Norman Conquest Was commissioned by William’s half brother Odo, the bishop of Bayeux Where: Normandy’s conquest of England It is displayed in France Importance: provides much valuable information about life in that time –it is a biased primary resource (Norman perspective) that demonstrates the way royal power wanted to depict themselves –shows the importance of centralized government 2. Balthild (see section work) Who: Saint Balthild, was written by a nun of the monastery of Chelles When: she died in 680 Where: Frankia –where Balthild ended her life and where the monastery of Chelles is What: It is an example of one of the largest surviving genres of medieval writing, that of hagiography (intended to further her successful candidature for sainthood), or the biography of the saints –this was read to the community of Chelles annually on Bathild’s feast day –written in numbered sections in order to be able to be referenced Balthild was the wife of King Clovis II; known for her humbleness and charity. When Clovis died in the 650s, one of her three sons took his place (the other two became kings as well) –served as the queen regent until he came of age in 664, when she was forced into a convent. As queen, she was a capable stateswoman. She abolished the practice of trading Christian slaves and even sought the freedom of children sold into slavery. Balthild entered the abbey and gave up her royal rank. She dedicated the rest of her life to serving the poor and the infirm Significance: Her story shows us how far the development Christianity came. From a cult in the time of Perpetua to honoring saints in annual festival –pretty remarkable Also, Christianity is still a lasting and developing religion that we see today. 3. Manor (pgs. 246-247) Who: 90% of the population in Carolingian Europe worked the land; freemen and serfs; lords and local aristocrats Where: Western Europe (Mediterranean) When: early medieval Europe; saw rise between the 8 th and 11 th centuries What: large estates; major part of the feudal system that was driven by agriculture; each estate was organized roughly in the same way; the manors were administered by a series of officials appointed by the lord Lay lords provided protection to the dependent peasant class that lived on and worked the land –the crop yield was low because laborers relied on primitive tools (innovation of tools helped increase crop yield) and an inefficient “two-
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field” planting system that left half the farm land fallow every other year –during times of bad weather and crop failure, starvation was widespread and the death rate Peasants lived in cottages in a village while the lord lived in a castle or
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study guide - Study Guide: Exam #3 I.D. Questions 1. Bayeux...

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