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De_Stijl.Bauhaus.Socialist_Realism

De_Stijl.Bauhaus.Socialist_Realism - ART HISTORY 173 April...

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ART HISTORY 173 April 5, 2011 The Avant-Garde & the Socialist Ideal
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New Art for a New World Many artists wanted to make the world a better place. By making art a universal experience, society, and humanity, would discover a new unity. • De Stijl, the Netherlands The Bauhaus, Germany • Suprematism, Constructivism & Productivism, Russia/Soviet Union • Socialist Realism, Soviet Union “Art is not made for anybody and is, at the same time, for everybody.” ~Piet Mondrian
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De Stijl Dutch: “The Style” A Dutch movement advocating pure abstraction & simplicity—form reduced to basic geometric shapes, color to the primary colors, and black & white • Influenced by Cubism • Total embrace of the rational ü The final break from the past & a full acceptance of the Modern • “The Style to End All Styles!” “There is an old and a new consciousness of the age. The old one is directed toward the individual. The new one is directed toward the universal….” First de Stijl Manifesto, c. 1917
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Piet Mondrian Composition in Red, Blue and Yellow 1930
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Piet Mondrian Broadway Boogie Woogie 1942-43
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Gerrit Reitveld Red and Blue Armchair 1918
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