5.27510.Causality_Health

5.27510.Causality_Health - 5. Causality and Health...

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5. Causality and Health Econ/Demog 27510 Ronald Lee February 17, 2010
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Readings for next week Douglas Almond (2006) “Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population” Journal of Political Economy , 114 (August 2006), 672-712. “THE SES HEALTH GRADIENT ON BOTH SIDES OF THE ATLANTIC” James Banks, Michael Marmot, Zoe Oldfield, James P. Smith. NBER Working Paper 12674. OR READ IN SHORTER VERSION IN JAMA: James Banks; Michael Marmot; Zoe Oldfield; et al. Disease and Disadvantage in the United States and in England JAMA . 2006;295(17):2037-2045 (doi:10.1001/jama.295.17.2037) All are on bSpace
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Reports for next week: The effect of prenatal or early life circumstance on later life outcomes “Being Born Under Adverse Economic Conditions Leads to a Higher Cardiovascular Mortality Rate Later in Life: Evidence Based on Individuals Born at Different Stages of the Business Cycle” Gerard J. van den Berg, Gabriele Doblhammer-Reiter, Kaare Christensen (IZA Discussion Paper No. 3635 August 2008. Douglas Almond, Lena Edlund, Hongbin Li x, Junsen Zhang (2008) LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EARLY-LIFE DEVELOPMENT: EVIDENCE FROM THE 1959-1961 CHINA FAMINE. In press in conference volume. Both are on bSpace.
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Causality: Today’s brownbag seminar here on fast food restaurants and BMI (Michael Anderson, ARE) Question: Do fast food restaurants (FFR) lead to weight gain (BMI increase)? Treatment: Access to FFR Problems: endogeneity of access, selection Instrument (Z): living near an interstate highway (0-4 miles) vs less near (5-9 miles). Rationale: Interstate highways were place somewhat randomly in 1940s, and fast food restaurants are built on them or by an exit, incidentally providing access to people living near the highway.
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Results Instrument: Proximity to highway is associated with distance to nearest FFR. People with closer FFR do eat there more often. Outcome: Proximity to highway has no effect on BMI. Interpretation: People offset the additional calories at FFR by reducing calories elsewhere. Confirmed by study of expenditure data.
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Reports, discussion on women’s earnings, opportunity cost of births, etc. Report: Maia, on Chicago MBAs (Goldin and Katz) Danish twin study Any comments on fetal-maternal conflict?
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"The Family Gap in Wages: What Wombmates Revea l IZA Discussion Paper No. 4650 MARIANNE SIMONSEN , University of Aarhus - Department of Economics Email: [email protected] LARS SKIPPER , University of Aarhus - Department of Economics Email: [email protected] We shed new light on the effects of having children on hourly wages by exploiting access to data on the entire population of employed same-sex twins in Denmark. Our second contribution is the use of administrative data on absenteeism; the amount of hours off due to holidays and sickness. Our results suggest that childbearing reduces female hourly wages but the principal explanation is in fact mothers' higher levels of absence. We find a positive wage premium for fathers.
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Plans for rest of day 1. Continue on causality 1.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course ECON 275 taught by Professor Ronaldlee during the Fall '10 term at Berkeley.

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5.27510.Causality_Health - 5. Causality and Health...

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