6.27510.Health_2_

6.27510.Health_2_ - 6 Health(cont 2 Econ/Demog 27510 Ronald...

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6. Health(cont. 2) Econ/Demog 27510 Ronald Lee February 24, 2010
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Readings Anne Case Christina Paxson “THE LONG REACH OF CHILDHOOD HEALTH AND CIRCUMSTANCE: EVIDENCE FROM THE WHITEHALL II STUDY”, Working Paper 15640 http://www.nber.org/papers/w15640 David Cutler and Grant Miller (2005) “The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century United States” Demography , v.42:1 (Feb) 1-22.
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Reports Jason M. Fletcher and Steven F. Lehrer “The Effects of Adolescent Health on Educational Outcomes: Causal Evidence Using Genetic Lotteries between Siblings” in Forum for Health Economics & Policy, Volume 12, Issue 2 2009 Article 8 (HEALTH AND EDUCATION), in bSpace titled GeneticLotteryCausalLaterLife.
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Plan for Health 2 1. Theoretical perspectives on health; dynamics; H 0 , Barker hypothesis; 2. Historical perspective: Fogel 3. Reports on early life effects: a) van den Berg et al: don’t be born in a downturn (Sarah). b) Almond et al on China: Hongyan 4. Almond on influenza 5. The gradient: a) Smith: SES cause health, or the reverse? b) Banks et al: US mort is higher than British. Why?
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End of term Conference for presentation of papers Saturday May 8, 9-1 Twelve minute presentations, five minute discussions (14 papers in 4 hours). Meeting room at IBER Refreshments Will this work with your schedules?
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Betsey Stevenson on Causal effects of Title IX which mandated equal spending on sports for girls in high school and college: Raised female college attendance and female LFP. (new NBER working paper) What other effects could one look for? Maybe health outcomes later in life?
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I. Theoretical background from economic perspective
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Many reasons we care about health. 1. Health affects our ability to work and be productive, and therefore influences the budget constraint. 2. Health affects how long we live; the longer we live, the greater the utility that we derive from a given amount of consumption that is then spread more thinly across our years and has a higher marginal utility. 3. We care directly about health; healthiness yields utility. 4. We get utility directly from being alive. 5. The health of one person affects the utility of others (parents, children, friends). 6. Healthiness affects our ability to invest in human capital such as education. Also to absorb nutrients.
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Theoretical-conceptual background on health over the life cycle Concept of Health status at age x, H(x) A stock variable (not a flow). Amount of healthiness, vigor, strength, wellbeing, intellect. Dynamics of health status over life cycle – H(0) or H 0 is status at birth or in utero. Could generalize to older childhood ages, perhaps. This depends on environment, genetics, and their interaction. H changes over time for an individual
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6.27510.Health_2_ - 6 Health(cont 2 Econ/Demog 27510 Ronald...

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