Psych 1000 (003) - Chapter 8B (Memory) Thursday November 25, 2010

Psych 1000 (003) - Chapter 8B (Memory) Thursday November 25, 2010

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Psych 1000: Chapter 8 Instructor: Dr. Laura Fazakas-DeHoog e-mail: [email protected] Lecture Outline Memory Facilitating Memory Accuracy of Long Term Memory Forgetting Memory Disorders Announcements Video Discussion #3 is now posted Deadline: November 30th, 2010 Connect Quizzes Chapters 5-8 Deadline: December 9th, 2010, at 11:55pm December Exam Monday, December 13th, 2010: 2:00pm - 4:00pm Covers chapters 5-8 * Please bring student card, pencil, & eraser Room Locations Posted on WebCT by last name Review Session Friday, December 10th, 2010: 7:00pm - 10:00pm SSC 2050 Review of Chapters 5-8 and multiple choice practice questions Sample Exam Question 1. The capacity of _________________ is +/- 7 units of information a. Echoic sensory register
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b. Iconic sensory register c. Short term memory d. Long term memory e. Declarative memory 2. When learning a new list of words, if memory is best ______________ it is referred to as the primacy effect. a. for abstract words b. for words at the beginning of the list c. for words in the middle of the list d. for words at the end of the list e. rhyming words Memory Memory’s Influence on Self-Perception Past experiences (personal history) Learning (& skills) • Emotions Interactions with others (“Looking Glass self”) Our perception of who we are as a person is dependent upon our memories Memory’s Influence on Continuity Continuity depends on access to the full range of memories for past experiences Our ‘self-identity’ now may be constructed out of our most recent memories Facilitating Memory Factors Effecting Memory Self-generated cues Multiple cues Encoding Specificity Principles Memory is enhanced when the conditions for retrieval match those of encoding • Context • State • Mood The Accuracy of Memory Memory is NOT exact! Reproductive Memory
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A highly accurate, verbatim recording of an event Reconstructive Memory Remembering by combining elements of experience with existing knowledge Memory Distortions Transience - Lose access to information over time. Absent-mindedness - everyday memory failures to do planned activities Blocking - Temporary loss of access or retrieval failure Misattribution - Remembering information correctly but incorrect about the source of the information Suggestibility - Tendency to incorporate information from other’s into your own account Bias - Tendency for knowledge, beliefs, or feelings to distort previous memories Persistence - Tendency to remember things one would rather forget Schema Mental representation Influences what we remember Bartlett’s Ware of the Ghosts English students told a Native Indian story Memory for the story tested across time
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