Chapter 7 Learning Adaptation

Chapter 7 Learning Adaptation - Chapter 7 Learning...

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Chapter 7 Learning Adaptation: The Role of Experience 1) “Learning” refers to the process that produces change in an organism’s behavior or capabilities. 2) Learning is essential for species in order to promote survival . 3) Animals often demonstrate an unlearned response when it is automatically triggered by a particular stimulus, called a conditioned response . 4) When an infant is shown a new toy is will stare at it at first and then gradually will look away. When the infant looks away, it has demonstrated habituation . 5) In Pavlov’s classic study, prior to conditioning the salivation response was an unconditioned response . 6) The procedure that seems to be least likely to produce learning through classical conditioning is backward pairing. 7) A woman got sick eating pizza and for months afterward felt sick every time she smelled pizza. Gradually, this nauseous feeling began to fade so much so that she can now even eat pizza again. In this case, the learning that occurred through classical conditioning has extinguished . 8) One day when the same woman smelled pizza in a restaurant she felt nauseous. Classical conditioning researchers would suggest that the woman is experiencing spontaneous recovery . 9) Seeing Tim Horton’s always makes Maureen happy. When Maureen met her husband, they always used to go to Tim Horton’s. Now that they’ve been married for 20 years, she still feels happy when she passes Tim Horton’s. Before learning through classical conditioning. Tim Horton’s was the neutral stimulus . 10) Seeing Tim Horton’s always makes Maureen happy. When Maureen met her husband, they always used to go to Tim Horton’s. Now that they’ve been married for 20 years, she still feels happy when she passes Tim Horton’s. Before learning through classical conditioning. Tim Horton’s was the unconditioned stimulus . 11) Seeing Tim Horton’s always makes Maureen happy. When Maureen met her husband, they always used to go to Tim Horton’s. Now that they’ve been married for 20 years, she still feels happy when she passes Tim Horton’s. As a result of learning through classical
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