Theater (Drama), Film, Music, and Dance
Key Concepts - Theatre
, a collaborative medium of artistic expression, involves a finite live
performance by one or more actors, witnessed by an audience in a pre-defined place
(usually a theater).
, the enduring literary component of theater, is essentially synonymous with
it, but the term also describes works written for radio, television, and cinema.
Film is a form of entertainment employing a sequence of images giving the illusion of
continuous movement to tell a story; it is an art firm; it can refer to individual
motion pictures or movies; and it is a term that can also encompass the motion
Elements of Drama
One of the most influential and essential texts regarding the genre of drama is
, which was written 2,500 years ago. In this aesthetic treatise,
Aristotle proposed that drama consisted of six essential elements, all of which are
still used in the description and analyses of drama today: plot, character, diction
(language), thought (theme), spectacle (visual elements) and music (aural
elements). The six elements are also referred to in the description and analyses of
other related genres, like scriptwriting.
describes exactly what happens in the story, from beginning to end, action by
action. Character describes each of the persons being depicted in a drama, whether
the person is fictional, historical, or contemporary.
In a drama, events are arranged so as to create an artistic or emotional effect. The
most common arrangement organizes the story into three broad sections—the
beginning, the middle, and the end—with
created by relating the various
events to each other by cause and effect.
The beginning of a drama is typically where the audience is given information that is
essential to its understanding of the story. This opening section is referred to as the
The middle section is called the
, where the conflicts inherent in the
situation are elaborated and developed. The dramatist builds dramatic tension by
alternatively motivating and frustrating his or her characters in the accomplishment