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REL 1350 Canon July 2008

REL 1350 Canon July 2008 - Defining the Canon Canon is a...

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Defining the Canon “Canon” is a “rule” or “standard” In the case of the bible, canonization refers to the process by which certain texts were viewed. Who decided? How did they decide what was scripture (sacred writing)? Marion, Irenaeus, Origen ,Athanasius Development of the Fourfold Gospel Why four gospels? Preference for oral gospel but with the generation of the Apostles passing, the need to record the story of Jesus We have four gospels in the Bible today but more were written Luke 1:1-2- saying he’s not the first person to write about Jesus. o Seems to say many gospel narratives are circulating o Gnostics are writing gospel stories as well o Marcion uses one gospel Marcion (AD 140-160) -not very liked. Justin Martyr called him a blasphemies, as well as Irenaeus. Tertullian says the marcionites have churches. Even wasps have nests… So no one likes him. Lived in Turkey & Rome o Marcion excluded from the church and started new churches o The “great heretic’ Called him the “arch-heretic”. Not a Gnostic but had Gnostic tendencies. Material: body, demiurge, Yahweh of OT Spiritual: soul, father, Jesus’ Father in NT o A dualism of two Gods - Marcion is a dualist but he described the heavens as dualistic. God of Old Testament, and god of the new. You don’t want anything to do with the old unless you’re Jew. Yahweh of the Old Testament is the Demiurge; He is a just God, but not a good or merciful God. The God of the New Testament is the loving Father of Jesus Christ; a God of love and mercy. This true God has just appeared on the scene in the ministry of Jesus.
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