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REL 1350 Eastern Orthodoxy July 2008

REL 1350 Eastern Orthodoxy July 2008 - Eastern Orthodoxy...

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Eastern Orthodoxy: Development of the Great Schism with the West The growing divide between East & West Social Factors: 1. Loss of political unity 2. Loss of cultural unity (language) 3. Political leadership- Caesaropapism Eastern emperor functions as head of church. In other words the Caesar functions as a Pope. Three theological factors 1. The growing role of the bishop of Rome Beginning in 6 th century, term “pope” was reserved for Roman bishop. Patriarch of Constantinople First among equals Rejection of papacy (West insists on papacy and the East rejects it) 2. Icons What is their proper use? Iconoclastic Controversy: Icons abolished by Eastern emperor; Pope opposed because… Icons were idolatrous; Muslims agreed (never had images of all might Allah) Desire to diminish monks’ influence (they made icons; didn’t serve in army) Becoming strangers Loss of political unity Loss of cultural unity (language) Constantinople the leading Eastern city Political leadership – Caesaropapism (emperor functions as pope) Theological Characteristics of Eastern Orthodoxy National Churches (Russian, Greek etc….) Patriarch of Constantinople – first among equals; rejection of papacy Mystical Doctrine of - God as ineffable, transcendent Authority o Scripture
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