REL 1350 Ec church councils july 2008 - Ecumenical Church...

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Ecumenical Church Councils Making Sense of Key Issues The gospel story says that Jesus is the key to salvation. In the churches Jesus is being worshipped. But, Christianity is monotheistic. So, Question # 1 o The question of the nature of God o How do the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit relate? Can there be one God and still say that Jesus Christ is God?
Question # 2 o The question of Christology: Who is Jesus? o What does it mean to say that he is human? Divine? Can he be both fully human and fully divine? Background: Christological and Trinitarian Issues Docetism – Human! Adoptionism - How does humanity relate to divinity? Sabellianism/Modalism o One God in three successive modes - Sabellius Tertullian of Carthage (West) and Trinity o in early third century, the first to use the word Trinity o Trinitas is one substantia in three personae o East originally had difficulty with this formula because it sounded like Tritheism. There were language difficulties. Pater = Father Passio = suffering Patripassianism is the belief that in Jesus Christ’s suffering, the Father suffers as well.

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