Ecumenical Church Councils
Making Sense of Key Issues
The gospel story says that Jesus is the key to salvation.
In the churches Jesus is
But, Christianity is monotheistic.
Question # 1
The question of the nature of God
How do the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit relate?
Can there be
one God and still say that Jesus Christ is God?
Question # 2
The question of Christology: Who is Jesus?
What does it mean to say that he is human?
Can he be both fully
human and fully divine?
Background: Christological and Trinitarian Issues
Docetism – Human!
Adoptionism - How does humanity relate to divinity?
One God in three successive modes - Sabellius
Tertullian of Carthage (West)
in early third century, the first to use the word Trinity
East originally had difficulty with this formula because it sounded like
There were language difficulties.
Pater = Father
Passio = suffering
Patripassianism is the belief that in Jesus Christ’s suffering, the Father suffers as well.