REL 1350 gnosticism montanism july 2008

REL 1350 gnosticism montanism july 2008 - Rejected...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Gnosticism and Montanism Heresy and Orthodoxy Heresy : Incorrect belief, false doctrine Orthodoxy : Correct belief Gnosticism Gnosticism is considered the most influential heresy of early Christianity o Gnosticism was an attempt to make elements of Christianity compatible with Greek culture and thought o An elitist system o Widespread second and third centuries; very influential in Egypt Meaning of Gnosis o To know – a secret divine knowledge o Salvation achieved through gnosis General characteristics o Syncretistic – combination of Jewish, Hellenistic, Christian thought; Scripture only one source of revelation. (Bring everything together) o Continuing Revelation – God spoke through New Testament writings as well as other writings that Jesus alleged revealed secretly to Gnostics E.g., Gospel of Judas o Diversity (Esotericism) – not one Gnostic group The knowledge (gnosis) not intended for all Only those few who have been initiated into this special knowledge can be saved o Radical Dualism – the world (matter) is evil; soul (spirit) is good, but trapped in the body Mind, Soul, Consciousness OVER Body Matter God and the world o God is separated (transcendent) from creation by a vast complex of heavenly powers. o The unity of God (Pleroma - full ) broken by a cosmic “fall” o Sophia (Wisdom) falls and produces the Demiurge o Humanity and this World The creator of this imperfect world is the demiurge, Yahweh of the Old Testament Humans have a spirit trapped inside the evil body (dualism!) The Father (not the same as the Demiurge) wants spirit to return to him. Salvation and Christ
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course REL 1350 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

Page1 / 4

REL 1350 gnosticism montanism july 2008 - Rejected...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online